Cracked heels, a common foot problem that are often referred as heel fissures. Cracked heels are commonly caused by very dry rim around the heel. The problem becomes serious when the dry rim becomes thick (cellus), fissures or cracks are deep, they are painful to stand on and the skin can bleed – in severe cases this can become infected.
The Causes of Cracked Heels: Cracked heels mostly cause by the thickened dry skin (callus) around the heel that tends to be cracked and arid winter air that causes skin dryness.
Other causes of cracked heels include:
Being overweight: Carrying around too much weight can create problems because extra pounds equal extra pressure on the feet.
Prolonged Standing: Prolonged standing can be a problem because of the added and extended pressure on heel pat.
Poor feet structure: Poorly structured feet can sometimes lead to an abnormal gait that produces calluses on the heel.
Diabetes: Diabetes can interfere with the body’s ability to produce oils, making the skin less supple and more susceptible to extreme dryness.
Thyroid Disease: inactive thyroid lowers the body’s metabolic rate and there is a reduction in sweating, leading to a dryness of the skin.
Self treatment for cracked heels:
Self treatment is recommended for mild cracked heels, for those worse than that may seek medication treatment.
Prevention is the key since no cure for heel fissures exists, moisturizing the heels at least twice a day is recommend. Use pumice stones and brushes to reduce calluses. Regular pedicures or a self-home care do great help to soften the skin. Never try to reduce the hard dry cellus with a razor blade or a pair of scissors as its a risk of an infection.
Apply a thick coat of moisturizer to feet at night and wear socks to bed, the socks will keep the moisturizer fresh and help it to penetrate completely into the dry heel, softening the skin and accelerating healing of the crack.